The visitor pattern allows the definition of new operations to the collection of objects without changing the structure of the objects themselves. This allows us to separate the class from the logic it implements.

The extra operations can be encapsulated in a visitor object. The objects can have a visit method that accepts the visitor object. The visitor can then make the required changes and perform the operations on the object that received it. This allows the developers to make future extensions, extend the libraries/frameworks, etc.

In Plain words: Visitor pattern lets you add further operations to objects without having to modify them.

when to use the visitor pattern

  • Similar operations need to be performed on different objects of a data structure
  • Specific operations need to be performed on different objects in the data structure
  • You want to add extensibility to libraries or frameworks
class Visitor {
class BookVisitor extends Visitor {
	visit(book) {
	    var cost=0; 
	    if(book.getPrice() > 50) 
	        cost = book.getPrice()*0.50 
	        cost = book.getPrice()
	    console.log("Book name: "+ book.getName() + "\n" + "ID: " + book.getID() + "\n" + "cost: "+ cost); 
	    return cost; 
class Book{
	constructor(id,name,price){ = id = name
	    this.price = price
	    return this.price
	    return visitor.visit(this)
var visitor = new BookVisitor()
var book1 = new Book("#1234","lordOftheRings",80)